Statute of Limitations for Dutch VAT

Statute of Limitations for Dutch VAT

A statute of limitations sets a legal time frame during which the revenue service (also referred to as the Tax office) can review, analyse, and resolve tax-related matters.

Once this period expires, the revenue service cannot assess additional tax or collect further payments, and taxpayers cannot claim additional refunds.

Statutes of limitations are important for tax management because they ensure that taxpayers and tax authorities are aware of deadlines for settling tax liabilities or claiming refunds. This article focuses on the statute of limitations applicable to Value-added Tax (VAT) in the Netherlands.

VAT Assessment Statute of Limitations:

The general statute of limitations for VAT assessments in the Netherlands is five years. This period begins at the end of the tax year in which the VAT obligation arose. For example, if a VAT obligation arose in 2024, the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration (Belastingdienst) can issue an additional assessment up to and including 31 December 2029. This timeframe ensures that tax authorities review and assess VAT-related matters within a reasonable period.

The five-year period that generally applies can be extended in circumstances where the tax office suspects that there was fraud or gross negligence. In such cases, the statute of limitations may be extended to 12 years, given that there is proof of such crimes. With the help of this extension, tax officials will be able to thoroughly examine and evaluate VAT liabilities that were purposefully concealed or filed in error.

VAT Refund Limitation Period:

Taxpayers can submit a claim for a refund of VAT within five years. This time frame begins at the end of the year that the refund right first became applicable. For example, by December 31, 2029, a taxpayer must file a claim if they are entitled to a VAT refund for the year 2024.

In order for companies to be able to claim their refund swiftly, they must maintain their VAT records for a minimum of seven years. This will ensure that within the statute of limitations, all pertinent documents will be accessible for any audits or reviews by tax authorities.

Statutory extensions could also be relevant at times. For instance, continuing tax audits or court cases may cause a delay in the assessment or collection of VAT, hence extending the time frame for a refund.


The statute of limitations is an essential tool for balancing the interests of taxpayers and tax authorities. It offers an organized framework for handling VAT duties by setting precise deadlines for assessments and refunds.

VAT IT Compliance ensures that clients’ VAT records comply with relevant country legislation in each jurisdiction applicable, to ensure that refunds and audits proceed smoothly. Get in touch with an expert.